Deserving the “Cradle of Civilizations” definition, Anatolia has been the homeland of some of the most notable civilizations in human history. Over thousands of years, many great empires have flourished, lived and eventually declined and left some magnificent monuments, buildings, cities, artwork and their culture as their legacy in Anatolia.
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Türkiye is one of the countries on earth, hosting largest number of historical places. According to the National Immovable Cultural Heritage Inventory, there are around 10,000 protected historic and culturalsite and over 100,000 registered monuments and historical buildings which make Türkiye a truly open air museum of civilizations. Starting from 11,500 years old, “World's first temple” Göbekli Tepe, Turkish land as been the home of numerous civilizations in over millenniums. Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydians, Ionians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Ottomans and many others all lived in Anatolia, which makes Türkiye a unique place all over the world.
Türkiye’s rich and diverse historical heritage may also be seen in UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Currenly there are 18 sites already in UNESCO’s list and 77 more are in consideration. Two of these sites are “mixed” where natural and cultural elements are together (Göreme and Pamukkale) and 16 of them are cultural
Here is the current UNESCO World Heritage List for Türkiye with registration years:
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (1985)
Great (Ulu) Mosque and Hospital (Darüşşifa) of Divriği in Sivas (1985)
Historic Areas of İstanbul (1985)
Hattusha (Boğazköy) – Hittite Capital in Çorum Province (1986)
Nemrut Mountain in Adıyaman province (1987)
Hierapolis – Pamukkale (1988)
Xanthos – Letoon near Antalya province (1988)
Safranbolu town (1994)
Archaeological Site of Troy (1998)
Selimiye Mosque Complex in Edirne (2011)
Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük in Konya province (2012)
Bursa and Cumalıkızık village (2014)
Ephesus site (2015)
City Walls and Hevsel Gardens in Diyarbakır province (2015)
Archaeological site of Ani (2016)
Aphrodisias site (2017)
Göbeklitepe site (2018)
On top of these already registered sites, Türkiye has also submitted a tentative list of 77 sites to UNESCO for future nominations of inventory from Türkiye. UNESCO's Tentative List is an inventory of the properties which each member country intends to consider for nomination of cultural and/or natural heritage sites during the following years. As countries are entitled reexamining and re-submitting their tentative list in every ten years, this list likely to get bigger since new archaeological findings come to the surface every year. HipTravel organizes tailor made history tours all around Türkiye for individuals or groups, with professional guides in Spanish, Portuguese, English or any other language.